Leslie Ries

Role: Principal Investigator
Status: Current
Current Affiliation: Georgetown University
CV:
Interests:
Leslie Ries is an ecologist who focuses on patterns at both medium and large scales. She has worked both in the fields of landscape ecology and biogeography with her focus mainly on butterflies. Her current research focuses on large-scale patterns. She explores underlying mechanisms using laboratory studies of caterpillar growth and development based on different temperature regimes. She then studies these patterns across ranges using large databases, mostly originating from citizen science monitoring networks. Citizen science greatly expands the scale at which we can collect data and thus explore problems and solutions that are increasingly global in nature. Ries focuses on several facets of citizen-science, including the use of these data to answer large-scale ecological questions, especially those related to climate and land cover; developing statistical tools to extract the most robust information from the data; designing systems to support data management, visualization, and sharing; and developing “knowledge” databases that compile life history and other trait data to enrich multi-species analyses. In addition to carrying out and enabling large-scale ecological research, Ries has also been working on methods to integrate big-data approaches into undergraduate education, and she is also increasingly interested in informal education opportunities as well.

Publications

2020

Campbell, D., A.Thessen, and L. Ries. 2020. A novel curation system to facilitate data integration across regional citizen science survey programs. PeerJ 8:e9219 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9219


Mainali*, K., T. Hefley, L. Ries, and W.F. Fagan. 2020. Matching expert range maps with species distribution model predictions. Conservation Biology 24:1292-1304.


Belitz, M.W., E.A.Larsen*, L.Ries and R.P. Guralnick. 2020. The accuracy of phenology estimators for use with sparsely sampled presence-only observations. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 11:1273–1285


Bried, J. L. Ries, B. Smith, M. Patten, J. Abbott, J. Ball-Damerow, R. Cannings, A. Cordero-Rivera, A. Córdoba-Aguilar, P. De Marco Jr., K. Dijkstra, A. Dolný, R. van Grunsven, D. Halstead, F. Harabiš, C. Hassall, M. Jeanmougin, C. Jones, L. Juen, V. Kalkman, G. Kietzka, C. Searles Mazzacano, A. Orr, M. Perron, M. Rocha-Ortega, G. Sahlén, M. Samways, A. Siepielski, J. Simaika, F. Suhling, L. Underhill, and E. White. In press. Towards global volunteer monitoring of dragonfly abundance. Bioscience


2019

Wimp, G., L. Ries, D. Lewis, and S. Murphy. In Press. Habitat edge responses of generalist predators are predicted by prey and structural resources. Ecology


Saunders, S.P., L. Ries, N. Neupane, M. I. Ramirez, E.Garcia-Serrano, E. Rendon-Salinas, E.F. Zipkin. 2019. Multi-scale seasonal factors drive the size of winter monarch colonies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 201805114


Abarca, M., E.A. Larsen, and L. Ries. (2019). Heatwaves and Novel Host Consumption Increase Overwinter Mortality of an Imperiled Wetland Butterfly. Front. Ecol. Evol. 7: 193. doi: 10.3389/fevo.


Ries, L., E. Zipkin, R. Guralnick. 2019. Tracking trends in monarch abundance over the 20th century is currently impossible using museum records. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Jul 2019, 116 (28) 13745-13748; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1904807116


Wepprich T, Adrion JR, Ries L, Wiedmann J, Haddad NM (2019) Butterfly abundance declines over 20 years of systematic monitoring in Ohio, USA. PLoS ONE 14(7): e0216270. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216270


2018

Semmens, J.E. Diffendorfer, K. Bagstad, R. Wiederholt, K. Oberhauser, L. Ries, B. Semmens and J. Goldstein J. Loomis, W.E. Thogmartin, B.J. Mattsson, L.Lopez-Hoffman. Online early. Quantifying ecosystem service flows at multiple scales across the range of a long-distance migratory species. Ecosystem Services ong-distance migratory species. Ecosystem services, 31:255-264.


Fletcher Jr, R. J., Didham, R. K., Banks-Leite, C., Barlow, J., Ewers, R. M., Rosindell, J., ... Ries, L.,...& Melo, F. P. (2018). Is habitat fragmentation good for biodiversity?. Biological Conservation, 226, 9-15.


Abarca, M., E. Larsen, J.T. Lill, M. Weiss, E. Lind, L. Ries. 2018. Inclusion of host quality data improves predictions of herbivore phenology. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 166 (8), 648-660


Ries, L., N. Neupane, K. A. Baum, E. F. Zipkin. (2018). Flying through hurricane central: impacts of hurricanes on migrants with a focus on monarch butterflies. Animal Migration 5(1): 94-103..


Saunders, S., L. Ries, K. Oberhauser, W. Thogmartin, E. Zipkin. 2018. Local and cross-seasonal effects of climate and land-use on migratory monarch butterflies. Ecography. 41 (2), 278-290


2017

Oberhauser, K., R. Wiederholt, J. E. Diffendorfer, D. Semmens, L. Ries, W. E. Thogmartin, L.A. Lopez‐Hoffman, B. Semmens. 2017. A trans‐national monarch butterfly population model and implications for regional conservation priorities. Ecological Entomology, 42(1), 51-60.


Ries, L., S.M. Murphy, G.M. Wimp, R.J. Fletcher. 2017. Closing persistent gaps in knowledge about edge ecology. Invited review in Current Landscape Ecology Reports 2:30-41.


2016

Thorson, J.T., J.N. Ianelli, E.A. Larsen, L. Ries, M.D. Scheuerell, C. Szuwalski, and E.F. Zipkin. 2016. Joint dynamic species distribution models: a tool for community ordination and spatio‐temporal monitoring. Global Ecology and Biogeography.


Saunders, S.P., L. Ries, K.S. Oberhauser, and E.F. Zipkin. 2016. Evaluating confidence in population-level predictions from climate impacts: Summer abundances of the monarch butterfly. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25:1000-1012.


Murphy, S.M., A.H. Battocletti, R.M. Tinghitella, G.M. Wimp, and L. Ries. 2016. Complex community and evolutionary responses to habitat fragmentation and habitat edges: what can we learn from insect science? Invited paper in Current Opinion in Insect Science 14:61-65.


Schmucki R., Pe’er G., Roy D.B., Stefanescu C., van Swaay C.A.M., Oliver T.H., Kuussaari M., van Strien A.J., Ries L., Settele J., Musche M., Carnicer J., Schweiger O., Brereton T., Harpke A., Heliola J., Kuhn E., and R. Julliard. 2016. Regionally informed abundance index for supporting integrative analyses across butterfly monitoring schemes. Journal of Applied Ecology. 53:501-510.


2015

Ries, L., E. Rendon and D. Taron. 2015. The disconnect between summer and winter monarch trends for the Eastern migratory population: possible links to differing drivers. Invited paper in Annals of the Entomological Society of America (Online early).


Cayton, H, N. Haddad, K. Gross, S. E. Diamond and L. Ries. 2015. Do growing degree days predict phenology across butterfly species? Ecology 96: 1473–1479


Ries, L. and K. Oberhauser. 2015. A Citizen-Army for Science: Quantifying the Contributions of Citizen Scientists to our Understanding of Monarch Butterfly Biology. Bioscience 65:419-430.


Taron, D. and L. Ries. 2015. Butterfly monitoring for Conservation. Invited book chapter in (J. Daniels, editor) Butterfly Conservation in North America. Springer Press.


Ries, L., K. Oberhauser, D. Taron, E. Rendon-Salinas. 2015. Connecting eastern monarch population dynamics across their migratory cycle. Invited book chapter in (K. Oberhauser, ed.) Monarchs in a changing world: Biology and conservation of an iconic butterfly. Cornell University Press. Ithaca, NY.


Oberhauser, K., L. Ries, S. Altizer, R. Betalden, J. Ekstrum, M. Garland, E. Howard, S. Jepsen, J. Lovett, M. Monroe, G. Morris, E. Rendon, R. RuBino, A. Ryan, C. Taylor, R. Trevino, F. Villablance, D. Walton. 2015. Citizen scientists and an iconic insect: 70 years and counting in (K. Oberhauser, ed.) Monarchs in a changing world: Biology and conservation of an iconic butterfly. Cornell University Press. Ithaca, NY.


2014

Diamond, S.E., H. Lessig*, T. Wepprich, C.N. Jenkins, R.R. Dunn, N.M. Haddad, and L. Ries. 2014. Unexpected phenological responses of butterflies to the interaction of urbanization and geographic temperature. Ecology 95:2613-2621.


Diffendorfer, J.E., J.B. Loomis, L. Ries, K. Oberhauser, L. Lopez-Hoffman, D. Semens, 79B. Semmens, B. Butterfield, K. Bagstad, J. Goldstein, R. Wiederholt, B. Mattsson, and W.E. Thogmartin. 2014. National valuation of monarch butterflies suggests incentive-based conservation strategies could be effective. Conservation Letters 7:253-262.


2013

Butler, L.K., L. Ries, I.A. Bisson, T.J. Hayden, M.M. Wikelski, L.M. Romero. 2013. Opposite but analogous effects of road density on songbirds with contrasting habitat preferences. Animal Conservation 16:77-85


2012

Soykan, C.U., L.A. Brand, L. Ries, J.C. Stromberg, C.Hass, D.A.Simmons, Jr., W.J.D. Patterson, J.L. Sabo. 2012. Multitaxonomic diversity patterns along a desert riparian–upland gradient. PLoS ONE 7(1):e28235


Fagan, W. F. and L. Ries. 2012. Edge effects. Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability, Vol. 5: Ecosystem Management and Sustainability. Pp. 118-124.


Zipkin, E. F., L. Ries, R. Reeves, J. Regetz and K. S. Oberhauser. 2012. Tracking climate impacts on the migratory monarch butterfly. Global Change Biology 18:3039-3049


2011

Koenig, W. D., L. Ries, V.B.K. Olsen*, and A. M. Liebhold. 2011. Avian predators are less abundant during periodical cicada emergences, but why? Ecology 92:784-790.


Wimp, G.M., S.M. Murphy, D. Lewis, L. Ries. 2011. Do edge responses cascade up or down a multi-trophic food web? Ecology Letters 14:863-870


2010

Ries, L. and T. D. Sisk. 2010. What is an 'edge species'? The implications of sensitivity to habitat edges. Oikos 119:1636-1642.


2009

Hannon*, L., L. Ries and K. S. Williams. 2009. Invertebrates of the San Pedro River. Invited book chapter in (J. Stromberg & B. Tellman, eds.) Ecology and Conservation of the San Pedro River. Island Press.


2008

Ries, L. and T. D. Sisk. 2008. Butterfly responses to habitat edges are predicted by a simple model in a complex landscape. Oecologia 156:75-86.


Calabrese*, J. M., L. Ries, S. F. Matter, D. M. Debinski, J. N. Auckland, J. Roland and W. F. Fagan. 2008. Reproductive asynchrony in natural butterfly populations and its consequences for female matelessness. Journal of Animal Ecology 77:746-756.


Ries, L. & S. P. Mullen. 2008. A rare model limits the distribution of its more common mimic: a twist on frequency-dependent Batesian mimicry. Evolution 62:1798-1803.


2007

Fletcher Jr., R. J., L. Ries, J. Battin and A. D. Chalfoun. 2007. The role of habitat area and edge in fragmented landscapes: definitively distinct or inevitably intertwined? Canadian Journal of Zoology 85: 1017-1030.


2004

Ries, L., R. J. Fletcher, J. Battin, and T. D. Sisk. 2004. Ecological responses to habitat edges: mechanisms, models and variability explained. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 35:491-522.


Ries, L. and T. D. Sisk. 2004. A predictive model of edge effects. Ecology 85:2917-2926.


2003

Ries, L. and W. F. Fagan. 2003. Habitat edges as a potential ecological trap for an insect predator. Ecological Entomology 28:567-572.


2001

Ries, L. and D. M. Debinski. 2001. Butterfly responses to habitat edges in the highly fragmented prairies of central Iowa. Journal of Animal Ecology 70: 840-852.


Ries, L., D. M. Debinski, and M. L. Wieland*. 2001. Conservation value of roadside prairie restoration to butterfly communities. Conservation Biology 15: 401-411.